In general the Romans did not use the traditional Semitic -derived names as in Greek: This scheme has continued to be used by most modern European languages that have adopted the Latin alphabet. For the Latin sounds represented by the various letters see Latin spelling and pronunciation ; for the names of the letters in English see English alphabet.
Probably India did not have a clear local name earlier because, like Chinait seemed to be the principal portion of the entire world, and so simply the world itself. Sumeru or Meruthe only one inhabited with humans identical to us.
The only question was how much of it was taken up by India. Indeed, India was once an island in the Mesozoic Ocean, but it moved north and collided with Asia.
In Chinese, we get various ways of referring to India. The modern form,renders the name phonetically with characters of no particular semantic significance "print, stamp, or seal" and "a rule, law, measure, degree".
The older practice, however, was dedicated characters that might have a larger meaning. Thus, we get orin which can be a kind of bamboo but otherwise is just used for India. Thus we get expressions like"Sanskrit,""Sanskrit characters. The rule of the Sult. The supremely foreign unification of India, of course, was from the British, under whom India achieved its greatest unity, although that was lost upon independence to the religious division between India and Pakistan.
The Moghuls and British, of course, called India by its name in their own languages i. In Chinese, Cakravartin could be rendered as"Wheel [i.
Thus, the prophecy was that Siddhartha Gautama might have become the Buddha or a Cakravartin, a world ruler. The word was ambiguous, since the term can mean simply a sovereign, but its use is paralleled by the Latin word Imperator, which simply means "Commander" and grew, by usage, into a term for a unique and universal monarch.
As it happened, many of the monarchs who began to claim ruler over all of India did usually use titles that were translations or importations of foreign words. With the Moghulshowever, the names of the Emperors, more than their titles, reflected their pretensions: In addition to these complications, Indian history is also less well known and dated than that of China or Japan.
Classical Indian literature displays little interest in history proper, which must be reconstructed from coins, monumental inscriptions, and foreign references. It is becoming annoying to me that scholarly histories like these are almost always but poorly supplemented with maps and lists of rulers, let alone genealogies where these are known.
Both Wolpert and Robb devote much more space to modern India than to the ancient or mediaeval country, and this preference seems to go beyond the paucity of sources for the earlier periods. Keay has an apt comment for the phenomenon just noted in the other histories: In contriving maximum resolution for the present, there is also a danger of losing focus on the past.
A history which reserves half its narrative for the nineteenth and twentieth centuries may seem more relevant, but it can scarcely do justice to India's extraordinary antiquity. One drawback of Keay's book is its total innocence of diacritics.Information processing: Information processing, the acquisition, recording, organization, retrieval, display, and dissemination of information.
In recent years, the term has often been applied to computer-based operations specifically.
Learn more about the elements of information processing in this article. Preschool and Kindergarten learning kids games for girls & boys ∙ Learn to read interactive ABC, alphabet tracing, phonics song with educational app based on Montessori match letter quiz & logical math puzzle games for toddler free by Kids Academy.
The Urdu alphabet has 39 basic letters and 13 extra characters, 52 all together. It is written from right to left and is closely related to the .
An alphabet is a standard set of letters (basic written symbols or graphemes) that represent the phonemes (basic significant sounds) of any spoken language it is used to write. This is in contrast to other types of writing systems, such as syllabaries (in which each character represents a syllable) and logographic systems (in which each character represents a word, morpheme, or semantic unit).
Urdu Alphabet. In the development of Urdu, the Persian language and its scripts have played an important role. Nastaliq was originally an Iranian script developed in the 8th and 9th century A.D., that was and still is used by the people of Iran for calligraphy and for writing poetry.
Due to the strong Persian cultural influence, the Nastaliq script was . Kids Urdu Alphabet Activity App is a comprehensive learning book for kids to read, listen, trace, write and recognize Urdu Language Alphabets using different activities.
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