He was rare among mathematicians in that he was a calculating prodigyand he retained the ability to do elaborate calculations in his head most of his life. Its significance lies not in the result but in the proof, which rested on a profound analysis of the factorization of polynomial equations and opened the door to later ideas of Galois theory.
This is primarily a list of Greatest Mathematicians of the Past, but I use birth as an arbitrary cutoff, and two of the "Top " are still alive now. Click here for a longer List of including many more 20th-century mathematicians. Click for a discussion of certain omissions.
Obviously the relative ranks of, say Fibonacci and Ramanujan, will never satisfy everyone since the reasons for their "greatness" are different. Please e-mail and tell me!
Following are the top mathematicians in chronological birth-year order. By the way, the ranking assigned to a mathematician will appear if you place the cursor atop the name at the top of his mini-bio. Earliest mathematicians Little is known of the earliest mathematics, but the famous Ishango Bone from Early Stone-Age Africa has tally marks suggesting arithmetic.
The markings include six prime numbers 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19 in order, though this is probably coincidence.
By years ago, Mesopotamian tablets show tables of squares, cubes, reciprocals, and even logarithms and trig functions, using a primitive place-value system in base 60, not The Greeks borrowed from Babylonian mathematics, which was the most advanced of any before the Greeks; but there is no ancient Babylonian mathematician whose name is known.
Also at least years ago, the Egyptian scribe Ahmes produced a famous manuscript now called the Rhind Papyrusitself a copy of a late Middle Kingdom text.
It showed simple algebra methods and included a table giving optimal expressions using Egyptian fractions.
Today, Egyptian fractions lead to challenging number theory problems with no practical applications, but they may have had practical value for the Egyptians.
The Pyramids demonstrate that Egyptians were adept at geometry, though little written evidence survives. Babylon was much more advanced than Egypt at arithmetic and algebra; this was probably due, at least in part, to their place-value system.
But although their base system survives e. The Vedics understood relationships between geometry and arithmetic, developed astronomy, astrology, calendars, and used mathematical forms in some religious rituals.
The earliest mathematician to whom definite teachings can be ascribed was Lagadha, who apparently lived about BC and used geometry and elementary trigonometry for his astronomy.
Apastambha did work summarized below; other early Vedic mathematicians solved quadratic and simultaneous equations. Other early cultures also developed some mathematics. The ancient Mayans apparently had a place-value system with zero before the Hindus did; Aztec architecture implies practical geometry skills.
Ancient China certainly developed mathematics, in fact the first known proof of the Pythagorean Theorem is found in a Chinese book Zhoubi Suanjing which might have been written about BC. Thales may have invented the notion of compass-and-straightedge construction. Thales was also an astronomer; he invented the day calendar, introduced the use of Ursa Minor for finding North, invented the gnomonic map projection the first of many methods known today to map part of the surface of a sphere to a plane, and is the first person believed to have correctly predicted a solar eclipse.
His theories of physics would seem quaint today, but he seems to have been the first to describe magnetism and static electricity. Aristotle said, "To Thales the primary question was not what do we know, but how do we know it.
It is said he once leased all available olive presses after predicting a good olive season; he did this not for the wealth itself, but as a demonstration of the use of intelligence in business.The Carl Friedrich Gauss Prize for Applications of Mathematics, named in his honor, was launched in by the International Mathematical Union and the German Mathematical Society for "outstanding mathematical contributions that have found significant applications outside of mathematics".
Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss (April 30, – February 23, ) was a German mathematician and scientist of profound genius who contributed significantly to many fields, including number theory, analysis, differential geometry, geodesy, magnetism, astronomy, and leslutinsduphoenix.com is particularly known for the unit of magnetism that bears his name, and by a mathematical expression (Gauss's Law) that.
His discoveries and writings influenced and left a lasting mark in the areas of number theory, astronomy, geodesy, and physics, particularly the study of electromagnetism.
Gauss was born in Brunswick, Germany, on April 30, , to poor, working-class parents. I can think of three major contributions of Gauss to physics off the top of my head.
1. Gauss's Theorem Gauss's theorem, also known as the divergence theorem, gives a relation between the volume integral of the divergence of a vector-valued function over some region and the flux or surface integral over the region's surface (the "flow" in/out of the region), this is a special case of Stokes.
This app presents the life and work of Carl Gauss with beautifully illustrated interactive screens. Learn about the profound contributions that Gauss made to mathematics, astronomy and physics. Check out our Giants in Math and Science Series. Mathematics has witnessed some of the most genius brains pondering over complex problems and solving them to unravel mysteries of Universe, science, and life.
The world salutes the great mathematicians and their contributions. There is certainly no end to the series of such great people, whose works created the platform for others to produce seminal works in mathematics.