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Forensic Handwriting Analysis — Expert Introduction to Handwriting Analysis Article In this document, forensic document examiner, Mark Songer, provides an introduction to the science of forensic handwriting analysis.
He discusses the steps that a forensic document examiner follows, including analysis, comparison, and evaluation. He also provides a brief example, comparing two handwriting samples, drawing attention to some of the key differences that a handwriting analyst may utilize in his analysis.
The Science of Handwriting Analysis The science of handwriting analysis is based on the premise that no two individuals can produce exactly the same writing and that an individual cannot exactly reproduce his own handwriting, otherwise known as variation.
The Process Handwriting analysis involves a comprehensive comparative analysis between a questioned document and known handwriting of a suspected writer.
Specific habits, characteristics, and individualities of both the questioned document and the known specimen are examined for similarities and differences. Analysis - The first step is to analyze the known writing sample and the unknown writing sample for distinctive characteristics.
The examiner looks for unique qualities such as letters and word spacing, letter and word slant, size and proportionality of letters, unusual formations of letters, flourishes, and other individual attributes.
Comparison - The next step is to differentiate elements from the known sample to those of the unknown sample. The examiner considers spelling, grammar, punctuation, and phraseology as well. Evaluation - The final step is to evaluate the similarities in the known and unknown samples. While differences are a good indication of a non-match, no single similar characteristic, no matter how unique, can determine a match.
Therefore, all likenesses must be considered. The examiner must make a judgment in each case by evaluating the totality of the documents.
Example The handwriting examples below are from two different writers. Structural differences 1 can be seen from the letter formations by each writer. In addition, baseline alignment 4 is considerably unique whereas one writer consistently writes on the baseline and the other repeatedly deviates below the baseline.
ASTM E provides guidance on the scope of work conducted by document examiners, and E specifies minimum training requirements. Songer has instructed numerous law enforcement officers and civilian examiners in handwriting identification as well as the collection of writing samples.Handwriting analysis: putting it to work for you - google books Having sold over copies, Handwriting Analysis has been revised and expanded to include a new chapter on analyzing doodles.
Download Handwriting Analysis: The Complete Basic Book - Karen Kristin Amend, Mary Stansbury Ruiz Here is a fresh new approach to Handwriting Analysis to help you develop a view of the whole person, not just a piecemeal understanding.
Parts of this book are reprinted, with written permission, from the book “Handwriting Analysis Secrets to Making Love Happen” by Bart A. Baggett © Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data Baggett, Bart A.
Handwriting Analysis Quick Reference Guide for Beginners / by Bart A. Baggett—1st ed. Download new ks1 english targeted practice book handwriting year 2 pdf or read online books in PDF, EPUB, Tuebl, and Mobi Format. Click Download or Read Online button to get new ks1 english targeted practice book handwriting year 2 pdf book now.
In addition to normal handwriting analysis, as discussed previously, methods can be used to detect handwriting, even when the writing has been obliterated. For example, using infrared film.
Handwriting Copybook Style Identification for Questioned Document Examination Sung-Hyuk Cha, Sungsoo Yoon, and Charles C.
Tappert School of Computer Science and .