This page deals with the civilization of Classical Greece. Other pages deal with the Minoan civilization which preceded it, and with the Hellenistic civilization which followed it.
The geographical location of Greece and its long history have shaped its culture. Evolving over thousands of years, the Greek culture has influenced the Western civilization. Here is an overview of the ancient and modern culture of Greece. Historyplex Staff Last Updated: Feb 23, Greek Contribution to the Modern World It was Greece that introduced the world to ideas like democracy and equality under law.
The Ancient Greeks developed forms such as comedy, tragedy as also epic and lyrical poetry. They were pioneers in fields like mathematics, physics, philosophy, and medicine.
Greek Culture is one of the oldest cultures in the world. It finds its roots in the Mycenaean and Minoan civilizations. The Roman, Byzantine, and Ottoman empires have had a major influence on the culture of Greece.
It is distributed across three periods, the classical era 5th and 4th centuries BCthe Byzantine period, and the modern era. Greeks are proud of their culture and consider it as a representation of their nationality and ethnicity.
The following sections of this Historyplex article will give you an overview of the culture of Greece with information about Greek art, literature, music, cuisine, and clothing as also their religion, customs and traditions, beliefs, and way of living.
The Greek architecture of today follows modern trends. Their work was appreciated for many years.
Lacking proper preservation, the paintings vanished after 4th century A. Many of the ancient Greek buildings have been destroyed due to wars and earthquakes. The Parthenon is a very important surviving temple of Greece. The art from these periods did not differ drastically.
Jesus Christ, Virgin Mary, and saints were the subjects of artworks in the Byzantine period. Many 19th century Greek artists went to Munich to study art. On returning to Greece, they led to the development of a new style that was a blend of Greek and European influences.
The Greek Munich School was established. Artists from this school chose daily living, customs, and living conditions as the subjects of their works. That in the ancient period used the colors red and black.
The designs on the vases evolved from lines and curves to human figures and intricate designs. Pots in the Protogeometric period had designs of lines, curves, arcs, and triangles.
Vases of the 9th and 8th century BC Geometric period though built around geometric figures, included some abstract forms. Human figures also began to appear in the designs. Towards the culmination of 6th century BC, the white ground technique developed.Ancient Greek civilization: Ancient Greek civilization, the period following Mycenaean civilization, which ended about bce, to the death of Alexander the Great, in bce.
It was a period of political, philosophical, artistic, and scientific achievements that formed a . During the peak of this classical period (around 5th century BC), was the time when the foundations and bases of western civilization were laid in Athens.
This state became the most powerful naval force of Greece and establishedits reach in all purviewsof culture, including drama, philosophy, rhetorics, music and to new concept of democracy. While today’s Greece is confounded within the modern borders, in ancient Hellenic civilization it expanded throughout the Mediterranean.
Besides the traditional mainland, the islands, and the coast of Asia Minor, Hellenic colonies existed in Italy, Sicily, France, Spain, Libya, and all around the Black Sea. During the peak of this classical period (around 5th century BC), was the time when the foundations and bases of western civilization were laid in Athens.
This state became the most powerful naval force of Greece and establishedits reach in all purviewsof culture, including drama, philosophy, rhetorics, music and to new concept of democracy. Mycenaean Greece is the Late Helladic Bronze Age civilization of Ancient Greece and it is the historical setting of the epics of Homer and most of Greek mythology and religion.
The Mycenaean period takes its name from the archaeological site Mycenae in the northeastern Argolid, in . Ancient Grecian culture lasted through numerous governmental periods and changed drastically from one to the next, according to the website Ancient Greece.
However, certain elements of Greek culture remained the same, such as the division between free man and slave, two primary social classes and a thriving public life.