Esposito begins with Muhammad and the Quran, basic Islamic dogma, and the creation of the Islamic community.
Esposito begins with Muhammad and the Quran, basic Islamic dogma, and the creation of the Islamic community. Esposito then looks in more detail at Islamic theology, law, and practice. Medieval theological conflicts centred on the relationship of faith to works, the status of grave sinners, and the relationship between the absolute power of God and human free will; a key figure was the tenth century synthesiser al-Ashari, whose followers became the dominant school of Sunni theology.
The sources of Islamic law are the Quran, the Sunna of the Prophet Muhammad's deeds as a normative modelanalogical reasoning, and the consensus of the community. The five pillars of Islam are the profession of faith, prayer, almsgiving, the Ramadan fast, and the Hajj or pilgrimage to Mecca.
Different schools of law handle other areas in different ways: Esposito touches on family law divorce and inheritancethe relationship between customary practice and Quranic prescription in rules about veiling and seclusionSufism, and Shii differences.
Premodern revivalist movements such as the Wahhabi movement in Arabia, the Sanusi and Mahdi movements in north Africa, and Shaykh Ahmad Sirhindi and Shah Wali Allah in India attempted "to reclaim and implement authentic teachings of the Quran and Sunna".
In contrast modernist movements led by men such as Jamal al-Din al-Afghani, Muhammad Abduh and Rashid Rida, and Sayyid Ahmad Khan and Muhammad Iqbal in India "felt free to suggest that many practices acceptable in the past were no longer relevant", claiming "the right and necessity to formulate new regulations" and advocating "an adaptation of Islam to the changing conditions of modern society".
And beginning in the first half of the twentieth century, neorevivalist movements such as the Muslim Brotherhood and the Jamaat-i-Islami saw Islam as "a comprehensive ideology for personal and public life, the foundation for Muslim state and society".
Meanwhile traditionalists defended the special status of the ulama religious scholars and opposed reforms, especially of family law. At the core of differences were debates over ijtihad rational analysis and interpretation of law. Whether labelled fundamentalism, political Islamor revivalism, "the dominant theme of contemporary Islam has been its resurgence".
Key elements of this are a belief that religion is integral to politics, law, and society, a return to the original sources of Islam, a call for Islamic law and an Islamic social order, opposition to Western secularism but acceptance of science and technologyand struggle against corruption and social injustice.
More radical activists go beyond these, "believing that theological doctrine and political realism necessitate violent revolution". And this diversity will continue, along with conflicts between secularists, conservatives, neotraditionalists, and reformers.
Focal issues include modernisation, the status of the ulama and legal reform especially in the area of women's rights and the status of non-Muslim minoritiesand the Islamization of society. In his preface Esposito writes that his goal is "to enable readers to understand and appreciate what Muslims believe and practice".
With its primarily historical approach, The Straight Path only partially succeeds in this — to give a feel for the role Islam plays in the lives of particular believers requires, I feel, more local and personal perspectives, perhaps ethnographic or fictional.
As history, however, The Straight Path works well, giving a good feel for Islam's historical depth and geographical reach. My one major complaint here is that it has almost nothing about Indonesia and Malaysia and the Philippines, about Islam's distinctive path in Southeast Asia.
In contrast its coverage of Islam in the West is unusually extensive, with Esposito treating this as a major topic in its own right and not just as an afterthought.
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Esposito, an internationally renowned expert on Islam, traces the development of this dynamic faith and its impact on world history and politics. Lucidly written and expansive in scope, Islam: The Straight Path, Fourth Edition, provides keen insight into one of the world's least understood leslutinsduphoenix.com: Islam: The Straight Path is an Islamic studies book that aims to give an introduction to Islam.
The book, authored by John L. Esposito, was first published in by the Oxford University Press. better understood.
Increasingly, the title of a book, Islam: The Mis understood Religion, written by a former United Nations official in the mid-twentieth century, seemed to reflect the past. The first and sub sequent editions of Islam: The Straight Path reflected the realities of those times.
If you are searched for a book by John L. Esposito Islam: The Straight Path (Oxford paperbacks) in pdf format, then you've come to the faithful website. John L.
Esposito, an internationally renowned expert on Islam, traces the development of this dynamic faith and its impact on world history and politics.
Lucidly written and expansive in scope, Islam: The Straight Path, Fourth Edition, provides keen insight into one of the worlds least understood religions.