Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. Being an icon of innovation for years research carried out at Palo Alto Research Center and a leader in the copier market, Xerox experienced decades of success.
History[ edit ] Xerox was founded in in Rochester as The Haloid Photographic Company,  which originally manufactured photographic paper and equipment. In Chester Carlsona physicist working independently, invented a process for printing images using an electrically charged photoconductor-coated metal plate  and dry powder "toner".
However, it would take more than 20 years of refinement before the first automated machine to make copies was commercialized, using a document feeder, scanning light, and a rotating drum.
Wilsoncredited as the "founder of Xerox", took over Haloid from his father. Looking for a term to differentiate its new system, Haloid coined the term Xerography from two Greek roots meaning "dry writing".
Haloid subsequently changed its name to Haloid Xerox in and then Xerox Corporation in The was not actually a viable copier because of its speed of operation. As a consequence, it was sold as a platemaker for the Addressograph-Multigraph Multilith and related sheet-fed offset printing presses in the offset lithography market.
It was little more than a high quality, commercially available plate camera mounted as a horizontal rostrum cameracomplete with photo-flood lighting and timer.
Clever electrics turned this into a quick developing and reusable substitute for film. A skilled user could produce fast, paper and metal printing plates of a higher quality than almost any other method.
The was followed by the first automatic xerographic printer, the Copyflo, in The Copyflo was a large microfilm printer which could produce positive prints on roll paper from any type of microfilm negative. Following the Copyflo, the process was scaled down to produce the microfilm printer.
At about half the size and weight, this still sizable machine printed onto hand-fed, cut-sheet paper which was pulled through the process by one of two gripper bars.
A scaled-down version of this gripper feed system was to become the basis for the desktop copier. The Xerox [ edit ] Main article: Xerox The company came to prominence in with the introduction of the Xerox "the most successful single product of all time.
The product was sold by an innovative ad campaign showing that even monkeys could make copies at the touch of a button - simplicity would become the foundation of future Xerox products and user interfaces. Inthe company changed its name to Xerox Corporation.
Ten years later ina basic, analogue, color copier, based on thefollowed. The itself was gradually sped up to become the and The was similarly developed into the and products and, eventually, also the desktop microfiche printer.
The model number denoted the number of prints produced in an hour. This product was soon sped up by fifty percent to become the Xerox Duplicator.
Meanwhile, a small lab team was borrowing copiers and modifying them. The lab was developing what it called long distance xerography LDX to connect two copiers using the public telephone network, so that a document scanned on one machine would print out on the other. The LDX system was introduced in The same year, the company consolidated its headquarters at Xerox Square in downtown Rochester, New Yorkwith its story Xerox Tower.
Xerox embarked on a series of acquisitions. Xerox sold XDS to Honeywell in Xerox Tower in Rochester, New York served as headquarters in to Stamford, Connecticut served as headquarters from to Originally designed to be sold to print shops, to increase their productivity, it was twice a fast as the duplicator at two impressions per second per hour.
However, when the commercial was screened for the Archbishop of New York, he found it amusing and gave it his blessing. However, after three years, inthe company decided the idea was a mistake and sold its assets to MCI at a loss.
Kearnsa Xerox executive sincetook over as CEO in Mini-Case study: The downfall of Blackberry Ali Moussi Universteit van Amsterdam [email protected] 1. INTRODUCTION cyclic adaptation misalignment which caused the company to stay behind on their competition which makes it a matter of time until Blackberry succumbs to the success of the competition.
Xerox Corporation (/ ˈ z ɪər ɒ k s /; also known as Xerox, stylized as xerox since , and previously as XEROX or XeroX from to ) is an American global corporation that sells print and digital document solutions, and document technology products in more than countries.
Mar 04, · The downfall of Xerox is a tale of technological change, management failure, and board irresponsibility. Some $38 billion in shareholder wealth has been destroyed in less than two years. Xerox, Policy Deployment at Xerox (UK), Presentation, Hoshin Kanri Practitioners Network, Uxbridge ().
Barry Witcher is Assistant Dean, and senior lecturer in strategic management, at the School of Management, University of East Anglia, in the UK.
Spotting something and doing something about it are very different things. So, another explanation is that Kodak invented the technology but didn’t invest in it. ABOUT XEROX: Xerox is an American multinational document management corporation that produces and sells a range of color and black-and-white printers, multifunction systems, photocopiers, digital production printing presses, related consulting services and supplies Xerox is headquartered in Norwalk, Connecticut Xerox Corporation was the first.