Biography of Horace Walpole Horace Walpole —English historian, Member of Parliament, connoisseur, playwright and novelist, said to have coined the term serendipity wrote the Gothic novel Castle of Otranto
His attachment to his mother and his lifelong reverence for Sir Robert Walpole, of whom he was invariably the strenuous defender, added to the fact that there is nowhere the slightest hint in his writings of any suspicion on his own part as to his parentage, must be held to discredit this ancient scandal.
His godmother, he tells us Corresp. One of the salient events of his youthful days was his being taken, at his own request, to kiss the hand of George I, then 1 June preparing to set out on that last journey to Hanover on which he died. From his own account his abilities were not remarkable.
But there are other evidences that his powers were by no means contemptible.
The influence of Gray in particular, both upon his point of view and his method of expression, has never yet been sufficiently traced out.
He left Eton on 23 Sept. At Cambridge he found several of the Eton set, including Cole and the Conways. In civil law and anatomy he attended the lectures of Francis Dickins and William Battie [q.
In the classics his success was greater, but not remarkable, and he confessed to Pinkerton Walpoliana, i. Soon after this his father appointed him inspector of imports and exports in the custom-house, a post which he subsequently resigned, in Januaryon receiving that of usher of the exchequer.
These three offices must have then been worth about 1,l. Walpole was to be paymaster, but Gray was to be independent. They made a short stay in Paris and then went to Rheims, where they remained three months to improve themselves in the language.
From Rheims they went to Dijon and Lyons, where, after an excursion to Geneva, Walpole found letters from his father telling him to go on to Italy. Accordingly they crossed the Alps, travelling from Turin to Genoa, and ultimately, in the Christmas ofentered Florence. Here they were welcomed by the English residents, and particularly by Mr.
Walpole, when his first passion for antiquities had cooled, gave himself up to the pleasures of the place; Gray continued to take notes of statues and galleries and to copy music.
They paid a flying visit to Rome, but they remained at Florence until Maywhen they began their homeward journey. At Reggio a misunderstanding arose, of which the cause is obscure, and they separated.
Shortly afterwards he fell ill of quinsy, which might have ended seriously but for the timely advent of Joseph Spence [q.
Upon his recovery Walpole returned to England, reaching Dover on 12 Sept. In his absence he had been returned member for Callington in Cornwall 14 May He took up his residence at first with his father in Downing Street, and subsequently at No. He hated Norfolk and the Norfolk scenery and products.
The house had a wonderful gallery of pictures, brought together by years of judicious foraging in Italy and England, and far too distinctive in character to be allowed to pass, as it eventually did, into the hands of Catherine of Russia. This collection was to Walpole not only an object of enduring interest, but a prolongation of that education as a connoisseur which the grand tour had begun.
It was afterwards published inand is included in vol. Any surplus of the last item was to be divided with his brother, Sir Edward Walpole. In the same year he contributed two papers to Nos. He took the remainder of the lease of a little house which stood on the left bank of the Thames at the corner of the upper road to Teddington.
Even then it was not without a history. Talbot, bishop of Durham, by a son of the Duke of Chandos, and lastly by Mrs. Bertrand of Bath, who sublet it to Lord John Sackville. Walpole took the remainder of Mrs. In some old deeds he found the site described as Strawberry-Hill-Shot, and he accordingly gave the house its now historic name of Strawberry Hill.
Strawberry Hill and its development thenceforth remained for many years his chief occupation in life. Accordingly, in —4, he constructed a grand parlour or refectory with a library above it, and to these in — he added a picture gallery and cloister, a round-tower and a cabinet or tribune.
A great north bedchamber followed inand other minor additions succeeded these. The catalogues of and were printed at his own Officina Arbuteana or private press at Strawberry.English author Horace Walpole, who was born on September 24, , in London, gained fame in Europe for creating a new genre of writing: Gothic literature.
After his novel The Castle of Otranto was published, literature with medieval, spiritual, and villainous elements gained popularity. HORACE WALPOLE ( - ) English novelist, biographer, memoirist, historian, essayist, playwright, and letter writer.
One of the most flamboyant personalities in eighteenth-century English letters, Walpole is often considered the outstanding chronicler and correspondent of his era.
Horace_Walpole’s Biography. He was born in London, the son of Prime Minister Robert Walpole.
He was educated at the elite Eton College and King’s College, Cambridge. After university, Walpole undertook a long trip through Europe with the poet Thomas Gray, a trip that apparently marked the end of the friendship between the two men.
Robert Walpole, 1st Earl of Orford, KG, KB, PC (26 August – 18 March ), known before as Sir Robert Walpole, was a British statesman who is generally regarded as the de facto first Prime Minister of Great Britain.
Horace or Horatio Walpole, 4th Earl of Orford (24 September O.S. - 2 March ), was an English poet and prose author, and a prolific letter-writer. Walpole, 3rd son of Sir Robert Walpole, the great minister of George II., was born in London, and educated at Eton and University of.
Born in , Horace was the youngest child of Sir Robert Walpole, the politician of genius who became Britain’s first prime minister, the builder of one of the grandest country houses in England, and the most important art collector of his age.